However, a ray of light is being provided by the recent Rohingya resolution passed by the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly. The resolution was jointly introduced last week by members of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the European Union (EU), who all agreed it was necessary to confront Myanmar’s reprehensible treatment of the Rohingya people and other minorities. This is good news because, so far, the international community has not taken sufficient action to relieve pressure on Bangladesh and to prevent Myanmar from abdicating its responsibility to its citizens.
This decision is simply the first of many that must be taken to ensure that the Myanmar government creates a safe environment for Rohingya refugees to return to; However, it does not guarantee that the repatriation of these refugees will be accelerated. It is critical that the resolution be turned into swift action as both the UN and humanitarian groups play vital roles in this situation.
The perpetrators of the crimes committed against the Rohingya population can finally be brought to justice with the help of the international community. Ensuring that refugees can finally and safely return home requires that we treat this catastrophe with the urgency it demands. While Bangladesh’s attempts to host refugees show a level of generosity not yet shown by the rest of the world, it is time for the international community to take action to share the burden.
The human rights situation of Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in Myanmar was also raised in the resolution adopted by the Third Committee of the General Assembly. The Permanent Mission of Bangladesh to the United Nations said in a statement that the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the European Union had jointly submitted the proposal to the Third Committee of the General Assembly.
109 countries co-sponsored the resolution, the highest since 2017. In addition to finding the root cause of the Rohingya problem, the resolution calls on Myanmar to cooperate fully with all UN human rights bodies, including the UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to Myanmar, to create An environment conducive to the voluntary, safe and sustainable return of the Rohingya to Rakhine State.
The statement commended Bangladesh’s “continued cooperation with the International Criminal Court, the International Institute for Financial Analysis, and other accountability mechanisms to ensure justice and accountability for human rights violations against the Rohingya.” This year’s resolution also called on UN member states to continue humanitarian assistance to the Rohingya in Bangladesh under the principle of “responsibility and burden-sharing”.
In addition, the important role of countries and regional organizations such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in the development of the political and human rights situation in Myanmar was highlighted. Particular emphasis is placed on the speedy implementation of the five-point recommendations adopted unanimously by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. It is hoped that the international community will be more vigilant and aware of the Rohingya issue in the United Nations. It can be said that the task of repatriating the Rohingya will be relatively easy if the Security Council unanimously accepts such a proposal in the future.
The main question is whether the Rohingya who have been sheltered in Bangladesh will be able to return to their homeland. As long as this goal is not achieved, there will be no relief for Bangladesh. Despite being overpopulated and suffering from social and economic problems, Bangladesh has provided shelter to the displaced Rohingyas fleeing Myanmar on humanitarian grounds.
But this humanitarian move has become a burden for Bangladesh now. The arrival of the Rohingya in the country has caused a multidimensional crisis. The environment of Cox’s Bazar area has become polluted. The population density has increased. The Rohingyas are involved in various criminal activities including drug smuggling and worsening the law and order situation in the country. This situation is not only a threat to the internal security of Bangladesh, but also a threat to regional security.
In this reality, an acceptable solution to the Rohingya crisis has become very important. This solution can only be achieved by repatriating the Rohingya to their homeland. The international community must put effective pressure on Myanmar so that the country agrees to take back its citizens. The international community is expected to play a stronger role in the Rohingya issue after the resolution was unanimously adopted in the United Nations.